Learning About Sentence Structure

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Grade Level
Elementary School
Length of Time
45 minutes to 1 hour

Students will learn about nouns, subjects, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs. They will also learn how to write sentences by adding adjectives and adverbs.

This lesson plan would be more for third grade through fifth grade.


Students will learn:
About nouns
About subjects and verbs
About adjectives and adverbs
To write sentences by adding adjectives and adverbs
To write sentences correctly.

Materials Needed

The worksheet I have included in this lesson plan
Pencils and Erasers


First, you will copy the worksheet so that each student will have a copy. Then, you will explain about nouns, subjects, verbs, adjectives, and adverbs.

After that, you will write the first example on the board so you can explain how students can add adjectives and adverbs to their sentences.

Example: John left.

Subject: John

Verb: left

The subject (noun) is a person, place, or thing. The subject is doing the action.

The verb is the action that the subject is doing.

Start with the sentence: John left.

Then, you can ask the students to think of a word or words that would describe John.

Some responses could be the following:

1. Seven-year-old John left.

2. John, who was in the third grade,

3. John, who had short brown hair,

4. John, the boy next door to Mark,

5. John, the only boy on the block,

Students will have different responses to describe John. You can write the above examples on the board to help them get started.

After that, you can ask students to add more to the verb: left.

You would add adverbs that modify left. You can ask students this question: Where did John go?

Some responses could be:

1. To go to school

2. To go to the movies

3. To go to a friend's house

4. To go to the park

5. To go for a walk in the neighborhood.

Finally, you can write a complete sentence on the board.

John, who was in the third grade, left to go to the park.

Let's look at the sentence:

John, who was in the third grade, left to go to the park.

You can divide the sentence into two parts

1. John, who was in the third grade,

2. left to go to the park

The first part: John, who was in the third grade = This is the complete subject. The last part, "who was in the third grade," describes John.

The second part: left to go to the park = This is the complete predicate. The last part, "to the park," tells where John left.

This will give the students the idea of how they are to complete their worksheet.

Now, you are ready to pass out the worksheet to the students.Worksheet: Learning About Sentence Structure

Directions: You are to write adjectives to describe the subject and adverbs to describe the verb. Write complete sentences.

1. Mary went.

2. Cassie sent.

3. Penny ran.

4. Tippy ran.

5. Christy and Megan read.

6. The team won.

7. The team lost.

8. Christy watched.

9. Sadey played.

10. It rained.

11. It snowed.

12. Cassie called.

13. Mindy left.

14. Abby ran.

15. Lindy lost.

16. Candy ate.

17. Tom swam.

18. Julie played.

19. Mom and Dad left.

20. Timmy and Susie hid.


You can grade the students on sentence structure and sentence variety. They need to make up different descriptions for each one. You can also grade on spelling, punctuation, and grammar.

Each question is worth five points.

100 to 90 = A

89 to 80 = B

79 to 70 = C

69 to 60 = D

Below 60 = F

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